# Critical Correlation Calculator

Instructions: Enter the sample size $$n$$ and the significance level $$\alpha$$ and the solver will compute the critical correlation coefficient $$r_c$$. Type the sample size ($$n$$): Type the significance level ($$\alpha)$$:
Two-Tailed
Left-Tailed
Right-Tailed

## How to Use this Critical Correlation Calculator

The significance of a sample correlation coefficient $$r$$ is tested using the following t-statistic:

$t = r \sqrt{\frac{n-2}{1-r^2}}$

For a given sample size $$n$$, the number of degrees of freedom is $$df = n-2$$, and then, a critical t-value for the given significance level $$\alpha$$ and $$df$$ can be found. Let us call this critical t-value $$t_c$$. Using the expression of the t-statistic:

$t_c = r \sqrt{\frac{n-2}{1-r^2}} = r \sqrt{\frac{df}{1-r^2}}$

and now if we solve for $$r$$ we find that

$r_c = \sqrt{\frac{\frac{t_c^2}{df}}{\frac{t_c^2}{df}+1}}$

and this value of $$r_c$$ is the so called critical correlation value used to assess the significance of the sample correlation coefficient $$r$$. These critical correlation values are usually found in specific tables.

Observe that this calculator applies for Pearson's correlation, so you would need to use a Spearman’s Critical Correlation Calculator if you are dealing with Spearman's correlation coefficient.

If you have sample data and you want to compute the correlation coefficient, please use our correlation coefficient calculator . If you have many variables, you can also use our correlation matrix calculator .