Correlation Coefficient Significance
Instructions: Enter the sample correlation \(r\), sample size \(n\) and the significance level \(\alpha\), and the solver will test whether or not the correlation coefficient is significantly different from zero using the critical correlation approach.
More About Significance of the Correlation Coefficient
The sample correlation \(r\) is a statistic that estimates the population correlation, \(\rho\). On typical statistical test consists of assessing whether or not the correlation coefficient is significantly different from zero.
There are least two methods to assess the significance of the sample correlation coefficient: One of them is based on the critical correlation. Such approach is based upon on the idea that if the sample correlation \(r\)is large enough, then the population correlation \(\rho\) is different from zero.
Significance of the Correlation Coefficient
How big must the sample correlation \(r\) be in order to be entitled to claim that the population correlation \(\rho\) is different from zero? That is where we use the critical correlation \(r_c\).
The value of \(r_c\) is used to assess the significance of the sample correlation coefficient \(r\). These critical correlation values are usually found in specific correlation tables.
Then, if you find that the correlation coefficient estimated is indeed significant, we should use a regression calculator, because in that case, there is evidence that the regression model is useful at explaining the variation in the dependent variable.
A related calculation you may be interested in is assessing the significance of the difference between two correlations, for which purpose you can use this calculator .